Jenny Fowler, writing on behalf of Bristol Design, has found something which they haven't seen before in 30 years...

This is a very unusual plane made to work on a curved surface, with a cutter to form a rebate.  

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Might it be a wheelwwright's tool? Or a cooper's? 

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Does anyone recognise it? 

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#1 AndyT 2019-09-03 10:50
It's a band setter.
I spotted a picture of one on page 42 of Alvin Sellens' Dictionary of American Hand Tools and found another in Knight's Mechanical Dictionary here which gives a clearer explanation of its use.

It was to cut a rebate around the end of a wooden wheel hub, so that a strengthening band of metal could be put on.
If a wheelwright was making a hub, he could do that on the lathe but this tool made it possible in-situ. You jacked up the wheel, an assistant turned it round, while you held the tool against the hub, shaving off a rebate, with the shoulder defined by the vertical cutter.
#2 R BURGESS 2019-10-19 09:22
Andy, correct principle, but not for a wheelwright, unless he is making small scale models.. It even looks too small for a chair maker, except possible for the back spindles...
#3 R BURGESS 2019-10-19 09:32
Update, I stand corrected - the link to Knight's Dictionary doesn't work, but I have found it anyway... What confused me is the circular opening - that is not the working part, as in a stail engine, but the throat of the plane - the long nose is the bed that is in contact with the wheel nave - it's in the correct orientauion for use in the 2nd and 3rd images... blade down... Try this link..

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